Pacific Islander mythology
African Religion
Descartes Rene
George Berkeley
Ralph Waldo Emerson
David Hume
Jung Carl Gustav
The Rider-Waite-Smith deck
Zen Koans

James Macdonald, Religion and Myth, 1883

Religion and Myth
by James Macdonald
[1883]
Contents Start Reading Page Index

This pioneering Victorian study of comparative African religious beliefs, draws on ethnographies, folklore studies, historical and traveler's accounts. Macdonald examines in detail taboos, magic, divination, prophecy, sacrifice, sorcery, sexual practices, and the status of women. He also ties in data from Celtic, Ancient Near East, Pacific and other cultures. Particularly, he includes comparative points from his native land, Scotland. Macdonald demonstrates that there are broad similarities between African belief systems and those of other pre-industrial peoples.

In his final chapter he critiques European attempts to 'civilize' Africans, by selling them useless or harmful trade goods, converting them to Christianity, or by forcing them to wear European clothes (!). He observes that Africans have just as much cultural potential as any other people, if allowed to develop on their own terms. This was a very progressive view for his time. This book will enhance any study of African spirituality.

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